The Bullmastiff is a vast, strong, and muscular dog. They are fearless, but they are also very patient, loyal, and caring despite their strong demeanour.
The Bullmastiff is a mix of Bulldogs and Mastiffs. They were created in England in the 1860s by breeding Bulldogs and Mastiffs. They are 60% Mastiff and 40% Bulldog. Bullmastiffs are also known as guard dogs; they were produced for this purpose. They used to help gatekeepers scare off poachers and intruders.
Size and Appearance
Bullmastiffs are massive dogs. Males are 25 to 27 inches tall and weigh 110 to 130 pounds; females are 24 to 26 inches in height and weigh 100 to 120 pounds. They are broad and well-built. They have a short coat in colours red, fawn and brindle. Back in the days, bullmastiffs with brindle-coloured coats were preferred so that the gatekeepers could easily spot them.
Nature and Characteristics
Bullmastiffs are loyal and protective. They make an exceptional guard dog. Nowadays, they are not only kept as guard dogs but also as pets. Since they were bred to be guard dogs, Bullmastiffs need the training to learn how to behave indoors.
They need to be well socialized; otherwise, they will not differentiate between friends and enemies. They do not bark unnecessarily and are generally silent and sweet. They are patient and calm with kids. Overall, they are great pets.
Diet and Exercise
Bullmastiffs are a large breed, so they eat a lot. Bullmastiff puppies require extra protein and fat in their diet to grow up to their appropriate size. They are likely to become overweight if a proper diet is not maintained. They will naturally want more food than required but giving in to their wants will only harm them. Obesity can later lead to arthritis.
They are an active breed, but regular walks are enough exercise for them. A 30-minute walk each day is enough for an adult bullmastiff. However, over-exercise is unsuitable for them and will hurt their joints, which should also be considered.
Due to their large size, bullmastiffs are vulnerable to some health problems, moistly joint and other skeletal issues. Some of these issues are genetic, and many are developed while the puppy grows. So they should not be fed too much as puppies since that will increase their growth rate, which can trigger joint pains. As they grow up, these may lead to arthritis and dysplasia. Some common health problems that Bullmastiffs face are:
- Hip & elbow dysplasia
- Pulmonic Stenosis
They have a short lifespan (7-8 years).
Bullmastiffs do not shed much, so minimal grooming is required. They should only be given baths when necessary. Keep their nails trimmed along with regular teeth brushing and ear cleaning. They drool a lot and also snore loudly, so that should be kept in mind.
So, besides taking up a lot of space, a Bullmastiff can do quite well in an apartment and even better in a large house. Also, avoid leaving them outside on freezing and hot days as they are intolerant to extreme temperatures. If taken care of properly, they will shower you with unconditional love.